Cavities are small holes in your teeth that form when the acids in your mouth attack and weaken your tooth enamel. The acids in your mouth are caused by your diet and the bacteria in your mouth. These thrive when you do not practice good oral hygiene.
If you do not get treatment for the cavities quickly, the bacteria that caused the decay can get further into your tooth. This eventually leads to root canal problems and tooth loss. Fortunately, cavities can be prevented with good oral hygiene.
How to prevent cavities
Brush your teeth and floss regularly
Practicing good oral hygiene starts with proper care of your mouth. This means you should brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss regularly. The best time to brush your teeth is after waking up in the morning and at night before going to bed.
Dentists recommend using soft bristle toothbrushes because they cause less damage to your enamel. You should also make sure the toothpaste and mouthwash you use contain fluoride, which helps to prevent cavities.
Improve your diet
Sugary foods and drinks increase your chances of having cavities. This is because the bacteria in your mouth feed off the sugar, turning it into acid and weakening your enamel. You should avoid sugary foods and drinks if you want to reduce your chances of having cavities.
If you must have sweets, eat them in moderation and brush your teeth after eating them. Since your enamel is weakened immediately after you eat them, wait for at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth.
The use of tobacco products is bad for both your oral and general health. This is because cigarettes and smokeless tobacco have chemicals that are harmful to your gums. If the cavities in your teeth are left untreated, it will lead to gum disease. The disease will get worse with the use of tobacco products.
The use of tobacco products also increases your chances of more serious oral health problems like oral cancer. This means that if you want to keep your mouth healthy, then you have to stop using tobacco products.
Visit the dentist regularly
Going to the dentist at least twice a year is a great way to prevent cavities and treat them if you already have them. Your dentist will let you know if you have any cavities or tooth decay during your dental exam and also determine the severity before telling you your treatment options.
If there is plaque or tartar buildup on your teeth, your dentist will reverse the effects of tooth decay by cleaning out your teeth with a fluoride solution. Your dentist will also recommend a few preventive measures to help you avoid getting cavities.
Having root cavities can lead to major dental problems down the line, especially if left untreated. If you have cavities in your teeth, schedule an appointment with your dentist to get it treated and to get tips on preventing more cavities in the future.
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